• <menu id="wkako"><tt id="wkako"></tt></menu>
    <nav id="wkako"><tt id="wkako"></tt></nav>
    <input id="wkako"></input>
  • 石一寧:責任·悲憫·細節——關于李進祥的短篇小說


    責任·悲憫·細節——關于李進祥的短篇小說

    石一寧(壯族)

     

    當下寧夏作家群中,有很多作家作品頗為引人注目,回族作家李進祥即為其中之一。

     

    李進祥的短篇小說,題材上大都聚焦回族鄉村的人與事,比如《關于狗的二三事》《換水》《植物人》等篇。偶爾也寫城鎮,但人物也多是來自鄉村,或者跟鄉村有千絲萬縷的聯系。發表于《民族文學》2016年第8期的《帶著男人去北京》,故事發生在火車上,但女主人公和她的男人亦是來自鄉村的農民。

     

    李進祥在短篇小說集《換水》的代后記《永遠走不出清水河》一文中談到,他出生在發源于六盤山的清水河畔,家鄉的日子是苦澀的,而清水河也同樣苦澀,不能飲用,也不能澆地。但就在這塊被認為不適合人類生存的地方,父老鄉親們卻活了下來,在極端的艱苦中演繹著極致的人生,綻放出最艷麗的生命光華。在清水河的堿水里泡大,我的良知的眼睛睜開了,我便有了一種責任;我思索的眼睛也張開了,心生出一種悲憫,為自己,為清水河畔的人,也為多災多難的回民族。一條清水河,足以讓他寫上一生:走不出清水河,像走不出一段愛情;走不出清水河,像走不出一種宿命。這些話對讀者理解他的作品有很大的幫助。的確,讀李進祥的小說,會感到其中貫穿著責任和悲憫。他的小說如同家鄉的清水河一樣,是苦澀的,但又像家鄉的父老鄉親的情懷一樣,是溫情的、暖心的。他的小說并不讓人輕松,但也沒有高亢的調子,沒有激昂的表情,而是像平緩的河流一樣靜靜地流淌,默默地灌溉著土地,滋潤著人心。

     

    對一個優秀的作家來說,最重要的不是他的創作宣言,而是他實現自己的文學觀和文學理想的能力。李進祥深刻地明白這個道理,他精心地,也可以說是小心翼翼地經營自己的小說世界。小說要寫得精,構思故事、塑造人物要稱得上精心,必然是小心翼翼的。在小說筆法的運用上,他大致有三種:一種是通過人物的言行包括意境氛圍的描寫來刻畫人物,如《口弦子奶奶》《關于狗的二三事》《鷂子客》《方匠》等;一種是通過人物的心理狀態來揭示人性的細微深處,如《梨花醉》《狗村長》等;還有一類小說,是這兩種手法的綜合運用,既從人物的外部,也從人物的內部來描寫和表現人物,如《換水》《帶著男人去北京》等。這三種小說筆法各有各的效果,很難說哪一種最優。三種手法的共存,讓李進祥的小說體現出一種藝術的豐富性。

     

    李進祥小說令人最擊節贊賞的,是他的細節描寫之細。有的不成熟作家的細節,其實不能稱為細節,它們太粗枝大葉,太不精細。而李進祥的小說,在細節上的描寫是認認真真、老老實實的,一點不敢馬虎、偷懶,如《挦臉》《剃頭匠》這兩篇小說對挦臉”“剃頭這兩種民間風俗和技藝的描寫,其細致入微的精彩,令人印象深刻難忘,可謂一筆一畫寫出來的。他寫得細心、小心的程度,就像小說中所寫的挦臉、剃頭不能有血口子一樣,他對自己也要求下筆不能有血口子。當然,這又需要作家對這兩種技藝的仔細觀察和研究。從李進祥小說的細節描寫,可以看到他對民族傳統的致敬和傳承。

     

    李進祥的小說對人物的塑造、對人性的刻畫,又往往是與時代社會的變遷,與現實生活的波動相結合,如《換水》《屠戶》《遍地毒蝎》等篇,有很強的現實性,寫出了市場經濟時代的人心與人性狀態,其中有堅守、有變異,有無奈、有惶惑,就像現實生活已經復雜化一樣,人心和人性也變得復雜了。這些都是我們這個時代的產物,讓人讀了心痛,但很真實。

     

    李進祥小說并非已臻完美,其中的不足之處,在于不少篇章偏重于故事的講述,對人物的刻畫尤其是典型化塑造還不夠,還沒有達到震撼人心或觸動靈魂的程度。期待他創作上有新的精進。

     

    刊于《文藝報》20171011

     


    本網站由阿里云提供云計算及安全服務
    甘肃快3平台甘肃快3主页甘肃快3网站甘肃快3官网甘肃快3娱乐 www.599190.com | www.741199a.com | puntbee.com | ambyc8.com | 8kk.co | www.362844.com | www.22666.com | www.7239g.com | www.609810.com | 53262ee.com | www.xpj3368.com | www.v32939.com | www.66376p.com | 48452.com | 8159uuu.cc | www.ljw030.com | www.88325j.com | www.96386l.com | www.43131v.com | z21148.com | www.10899g.com | www.81608n.com | www.895594.com | 3434ggg.com | 3178tt.com | www.8k365.com | www.5446b.com | www.530477.com | zjgcfc.com | www.wnsr999.com | www.29496d.com | 01885.com | 1098.com | www.32678.cc | www.338081.com | 00664002.com | www.p9478.com | www.2934x.com | 89892dd.com | www.554js.com | www.86339w.com | jmszszx.com | 72345.com | www.306444b.com | www.87668.cc | 3678c.com | www.818sbet.com | www.84499t.com | 500000631.com | www.wanmei09.com | www.5557795.com | 3049n.com | 1294s.com | www.65045.com | 66300vip13.com | 2546r.com | www.bwinyz39.com | 840pj.com | www.hu888.com | www.350c5.com | 39992266.com | www.66654666.com | www.9149a.com | 8547qq.com | www.xpj178.com | www.9311c.com | 67890ccc.com | www.4058aa.com | 9988vn77.com | www.pjhebei.com | www.pj88p.com | 80878a.com | www.ao299.com | www.60123l.com | pj88ll.com | www.9225z.com | www.czg2.com | 50067u.com | www.0636777.com | www.246841.com | 45637y.com | www.47506x.com | vip.city78.cn | www.www--97828.com | www.5086p.com | 32424e.com | www.115527y.com | b62d.com | www.03719c.com | www.615121.com | 2400007.com | www.vns9998.me | 5004pp.com | www.hg7664.com | www.550254.com | www.56733l.com | www.hg0088.sh | qycps7.com | www.4963vv.com | 3225g.com | www.hgw0088.com | www.5484h.com | ts698.com | www.fhcp2016.com | 4323k.com | www.4650000.com | www.548611.com | www.888ldz.com | www.4ttz.com | www.4123mm.com | www.444hy.cc | 9895n.com | www.38775hh.com | 1389ee.com | www.477suncity.com | 061.com | www.544618.com | www.41518e.com | www.a80065.com | www.88266o.com | www.ylg1234.com | www.3318.cc | 0234z.com | www.8839zz.com | 836858.com | www.5446yy.com | 84498833.com | www.qlm988.com | p6662019.com | www.668cp66.com | 70118x.com | www.pj12567.com | www.96386e.com | www.37562.com | feicai0717.com | www.a7793.com | 553322GG.com | www.s69096.com | hg999333n.com | www.hg4089.com | s83377.com | www.sha4000.com | 3662o.com | www.ba501.com | 218uu.com | www.86339n.com | dh0853.com | www.hc779.com | 6261pp.com | www.26163g.com | 33115dd.com | www.50026t.com | 33318t.com | www.3333y.cc | www.40818f.com | www.77210a.com | www.449999.com | 80567h.com | www.4058ii.com | 3807ww.com | www.81608t.com | 8827kk.com | www.055cp.cc | www.ok755.com | 019222222.com | www.20199qq.com | xh99.pw | www.5099pp.com | 7340111.com | www.21202l.com | www.87680m.com | www.404499.com | www.pu15.com | 2466.com | www.js02347.com | 780.so | www.902257.com | www.49981k.com | js16858.com | www.37377f.com | 2767y.com | www.861805.com | www.110048.com | 24006.com | www.81233j.com | 5hg7788.com | 2844d.com | www.63606w.com | 668cp.com | www.303479.com | www.hv1818.com | bbb67890.com | www.50024z.com | www.896883.com | 78249.com | www.99677f.com | www.www8181sun.com | tz22666.com | www.5086q.com | www.46768.com | tz478.com | www.933709.com | www.1484vip3.com | dh0853.com | www.214656.com | www.45598m.com | 99111ii.com | zzylc3.com | www.789zr.cc | www.pj23237.com | 9694c.com | www.669zf.com | www.789msc.com | 39199h.com | www.501433.com | www.948.com | 35222gg.com | www.129985.com | www.70976.cc | 6176007.com | js75dd.com | www.42070018.com | www.9996jj.com | 77225002.com | www.919309.com | www.bet91486.com | www.dy113.com | 1227019.com | www.502892.com | www.4521y.com | www.hd66.am | 70.net | www.4972qq.com | www.hg9050.com | www.55268j.vip | www.pj8980.com | www.wd716.com | www.pj88h.com | www.3775m.com | www.3933u.cc | 3616d.com | 1348.com | 1005.vip | www.88jt09.com | www.7036ee.com | www.789508.com | www.8905.com | www.5522z.cc | www.54400u.com | 896606.com | 57157s.com | l277.com | www.033033c.com | www.qiudala.org | www.563736.com | www.4625.am | www.6653f.com | www.675066.com | 3936z.com | 3844r.com | 0747nn.com | www.f4737.com | www.amvip111.com | www.rrqp111.com | www.122888a.com | www.665882.com | 99567k.com | 3559ee.com | youfa777.vip | 99932949.com | www.1516yyy.com | www.38138c.com | www.68682k.com | www.315332.com | 60772.com | dd2205.com | www.2846hh.com | www.680588.com | www.877636.com | www.hx6611.com | www.178762.com | 6245g.com | wx2211.com | 32424h.com | www.856046.com | www.975277.com | www.luck887.com | 7893dns.com | 0747nn.com | www.xpj5011.com | www.4102w.com | www.692092.com | 61326622.com | 168cp-o.com | www.62019555.com | www.bwin950.co | www.022yn.cc | kj5568.com | 2613r.com | www.zs5544.com | www.16065c.com | www.202417.com | 01234h.com | www.hd1188.com | www.58118c.com | www.77clf.com | www.547099.com | blhvip444.com | 3169o.com | www.435776.com | www.75538c.com | 5443u.com | zhcpbb.com | www.dzh1133.com | www.js7583.com | 5622z.com | ccc5682.com | www.ljw031.com | www.9356h.com | 820vv.com | www.56733l.com | www.3116h.com | www.596233.com | jx2300.com | www.pj63333.com | www.8850w6.com | www.igcp3.com | 4066r.com | 444789.com | www.v88131.com | www.536350.com | jj40033.com | www.hg7227.com | www.010vip.com | 20775511.com | 5002s.com | www.mgm868007.com | www.643552.com | 3645.com | www.939168.com | www.16065q.com | 36989g.com | 20772200.com | www.2566y9.com | p222.com | 4546vip4.com | www.4102n.com | 2247xx.com | 667766w.com | www.v98.me | 68228t.com | www.hy6936.com | 048zz.com | www.89790.com | www.csgc4.com | 22c53.com | www.188614.com | www.995773.com | 36402211.com | www.ktmrocks.com | www.801876.com | x48f.com | www.6y7y.cc | www.5zxz.com | 4025a.com | www.138cph.com | www.701489.com | wlb66.com | www.w9819.com | www.202909.com | 2355v.com | www.733486.com | 3938ii.com | 37730vip.com | www.6939h.com | 1750.com | www.3814222.com | www.843552.com | 2142233.com | www.911.hk | www.514177.com | 26668f.com | www.06820r.com | zguvgd.com | www.vns20033.com | www.83993f.com | p838.com | www.keebin.com | www.399160.com | 996622jj.com | www.80865.com | pj88jj.com | www.kk1778.com | www.756693.com | yth005.net | www.79500l.com | www.178261.com | 3332949.com | www.hg1245.com | xpj764.cn | www.hg8359.com | www.262918.com | www.1869j.com | www.84499c.com | 32555w.com | www.26123aa.com | qijiduchang.vip | www.f888c.com | www.914901.com | 44488q.com | www.333682.com | 835889.com | www.33111177.com | 1592o.com | www.msc860.com | www.87668e.com | www.k32126.cc | www.055n.cc | ddc777dl.com | www.rrqp000.com | 3033s.com | www.71071h.com | feicai0831.com | www.4446333.com | www.9155h.cc | 2455n.com | www.bet353656.com | pj88dd.com | www.f3410.com | o14666.com | www.77699.com? | 30006m.com | www.158444.com | 00774xx.com | www.1010160.com | www.109317.com | www.558js.com | www.072wy.com | 2613r.com | www.35918m.com | js888.us | www.99638d.com | 33382h.com | www.0601j.com | 44222007.com | www.606756.com | c61653.com | www.908296.com | 01365.ag | www.21202o.com | 55797f.com | www.15355hh.com | 22296oo.com | www.34788n.com | aa2649.com | www.61655b.com | 83086t.com | www.22030.cc | www.xjs8895.com | www.855310.com | www.85770r.com | www.656by.com | www.1869d.com | www.889938.com | www.boma0157.com | www.195322.com | www.jszg22.com | 248301.com | www.890555.com | 30019e.com | www.7788msc.com | 3333744.com | www.12136x.com | 4289k.com | www.80065d.com | 33115jj.com | www.675120.com | www.vns8970.com | 5002aaa.com | www.4963ll.com | 3678dd.com | www.37377l.com | 123456rr.cc | www.801876.com | www.k3355b.com | l8159.cc | www.06386666.com | 540855.com | www.sxyl3.com | www.655666d.com | 3245o.com | www.71071w.com | 9068ww.com | www.33598d.com | www.617706.com | www.zuan222.com | www.pj88222.com | 3242m.com | www.57800m.com | 00229193.com | www.7240g.com | 914909.com | www.332910.com | www.wzjxjg.com | 3473j.com | www.25688o.com | www.z0888.com | 2443.com | www.9570118.com | 73055u.com | www.910282.com | www.wns47.com | 54443b.com | www.89777h.com | 78111133.com | 155333.com | www.00772d.com | 655661177.com | www.810527.com | www.xpj395.com | jixian678.com | www.7239r.com | www.bet36579.com | www.hx1162.com | www.77605b.com | 9649q.com | www.60123x.com | www.1116358.com | 77605k.com | www.580786.com | www.dh03035.com | 2546b.com | www.xj07949.com | www.bet365606.com | 9398800.com | www.979303.com | www.vns9999.cc | 7200188.com | www.55717q.com | www.223456p.com | 661070.com | www.1449.com | 3178ww.com | 142788.com | www.siji01.com | www.8494v.com | 66458m.com | www.4323l.com | www.hg5588l.com | mg437711.com | www.781253.com | www.38345k.com | feicai0556.com | 835.cc | www.m98478.com | www.81866x.com | 3467u.cc | www.68568b.com | www.g24074.com | 7140588.com | www.599049.com | www.5446tt.com | omp156.com | 1665n.com | www.33588r.com | www.87422.com | ppp7570.com | v1621.com | www.0343k.com | www.2078x.com | j36.com | www.29039.cc | www.9788t.com | feicai0433.com | hhhhh555.com | www.36586666.com | www.vnsr33888.com | n8159.cc | P35i.com | www.0194003.com | www.749888.com | 80368dd.com | dzyy634.com | www.6482b.com | www.50tyc.com | tz977.com | www.90305a.com | www.68993225.com | www.35138.com | 44jj8332.com | mtkpy.pw | www.3478s.cc | www.n32939.com | www.912399.com | 0234m.com | www.303467.com | www.441394.com | www.a4116.com | uuu5682.com | 8294m.com | www.996863.com | www.xj6002.com | www.58777h.com | 1708222.com | zhcp24.com | www.5522f.cc | www.4996xt.com | www.js05888.com | 9958911.com | 2324rrr.com | www.hm6333.com | www.820014.com | www.40048.com | hubet555.com | x48i.com | www.550637.com | www.xpjok.com | www.54146666.com | 22pp8332.com | js14q.com | www.501251.com | www.9994331.com | www.qmc0044.com | www.4759ww.com | j333.cc | 11995002.com | www.c5839.com | www.o3065.com | www.hg3968.com | 838388y.com | 364850.com | www.608850.com | www.959595.com | www.614548.com | www.333133s.com | JS1388f.com | 1669q.com | www.057452.com | www.139975.com | www.01885d.com | www.yh1144.com | m72227.com | 08778f.com | www.289917.com | www.41518k.com | www.9895q.com | www.88803.com | www.5911o.com | 22299xx.com | 78115544.com | hd61788.com | www.159888a.com | www.hg1245.com | www.5099ll.com | www.6699mmmm.com | www.js887788.com | 365w.vip | yqpnwjo.cn | 29918zz.com | www.529081.com | www.54591.com | www.47707.co | www.55545g.com | www.gf11888.com | www.xj5577.com | 61329977.com | 99662007.com | 69443344.com | 00774xx.com | www.581166.com | www.6611f.cc | www.hg8268.com | www.80188w.com | www.sbbet138.com | www.999dhygw.com | www.8494z.com | 2019c.cc | bet599.com | f2825.com | 8977nn.com | bbb7570.com | www.344242.com | www.c6449.com | www.71233k.com | www.hr1777.com | www.13k0048.com | www.138cpq.com | www.msc60.com | www.s27229.com | www.f67783.com | 3009e.com | 7196s.com | g8381.com | 66458h.com | hr255.com | 33115w.com | www.77114u.com | www.610330.com | www.39cp.cc | www.54968h.com | www.4988.hk | www.56011t.com | www.45598y.com | www.50999y.com | www.ty23023.com | www.hg0075.com | www.44221.com | www.flb0033.com | www.pjdc1188.com | js5651js.com | 2992535.com | 2190z.com | 22kk8331.com | 338333.com | 3614z.com | 447.com | 61999yy.com | 77339193.com | 8449uu.com | 1094bo.com | 91019f.net | 2544b8.com | 56987ll.com | 8827ll.com | r15666.com | 1479.cc | bet89226.com | 5906FF.com | 6033j.com | 3616l.com | 1007811.com | 933620.com | 78249.com | 12742d.com | 5429i.com | 18775l.com | hg986.com | qj-vip.com | 25288t.com | 4002aa.com | q99.com | xpj8182.cc | am559.cc | 1665z.com | 3685j.com | 62222g.com | zhcp53.com | 30007k.com | www.81866u.com | www.wi9999.com | www.alpk44.com | www.55155h.com | www.vns1668.vip | www.hg8547.com | www.13383.com | www.5049q.com | www.19019n.com | www.3116c.com | www.js58908.com | www.11599.com | www.hg355.com | www.68682c.com | www.1368b.cc | www.862810.com | www.372082.com | www.055cp.cc | www.730678.com | www.235187.com | amxj365.com | 5350k.com | 38238m.com | 78782325.com | 8547b.com | zhcp36.com | www.yh66606.com | www.21365uu.com | www.bet611.com | www.suncity758.com | www.00773o.com | www.742588.com | www.ya2019u.com | www.3416o.com | www.655021.com | www.106036.com | 234blg.com | ddd4255.com | 3765.com | 87665q.com | www.223456k.com | www.78787a.com | www.29msxfptc.com | www.7225n.com | www.ejylc12.com | www.6969a.cc | www.454589.com | vip.city78.cn | dd3405.com | 4255ll.com | tyc71.com | www.f32126.cc | www.22gp.com | www.47751.net | www.72002.com | www.5578w.com | www.499428.com | 7737.com | 4002aa.com | 61329977.com | www.333222r.com | www.585555.com | www.9737nn.com | www.6889795.com | www.zcwf2.com | www.80075v.com | 2021ddd.com | 55323d.com | www.68666z.com | www.hg0780.com | www.8888hj.com | www.680508.com | www.960913.com | cr789.co | lfxww.com | 3169e.com | www.tyc357.com | www.s9478.com | www.3434aaa.com | www.3416h.com | www.50064v.com | 1463n.com | m62365.com | www.hg8707.com | www.z4042.com | www.130a56.com | www.caim5.com | 30176699.com | 7yuhe.com | 6647u.com | www.3456j.com | www.469700.com | www.12455s.com | www.196036.com | 2324vvv.com | g2383.com | www.sun3388.com | www.hg98.la | www.50788p.com | www.150961.com | kbj7268.com | 20611.com | www.64717.com | www.9464gg.com | www.yfa3.com | 1429t.com | 56132450.com | www.54549900.com | www.hg173i.com | www.66376t.com | www.60108o.com | www.56011v.com | www.799425.com | xx38648.cc | 2jsggg.com | www.am9999.cc | www.209752.com | www.09xyc.com | 38820000.com | 635288.com | www.2078t.com | www.377666d.com | www.fen08.com | 2267x.com | mr007.com | www.55422e.com | www.n94600.com | www.566668.com | 998g.cc | 3936n.com | www.gd35155.com | www.60007r.com | 196979.com | 73055l.com | www.qiudala.org | www.78680h.com | www.576120.com | 158108.com | www.hgc444.com | www.5099dd.com | www.688dl.com | ooo5144.com | 3178v.com | www.bai3355.com | 776093.com | www.306015.me | www.34788l.com | 2267j.com | 256777u.com | www.684000.com | www.68682n.com | z77bb.com | 2649o.com | www.2492.cc | www.39957g.com | 2776r.com | 7744bbb.com | www.am0666.com | www.9478x.com | js28887.com | 2418008.com | www.50999e.com | www.qucp8.com | js8028.com | www.vns9981.com | www.704905.com | www.506731.com | 54140011.com | www.348004.com | www.c98478.com | 9539n.com | 3379zz.com | www.750620.com | www.hm8222.com | 5804k.com | www.7025s.com | www.78919c.com | 22778332.com | 30007t.com | www.38345e.com | www.806726.com | 795939.com | www.1007b.cc | www.96386m.com | 5369i.com | www.ylhg0808.com | www.j3410.com | www.109307.com | 4182m.com | www.120689.com | www.965191.com | spj09.net | www.0777msc.com | www.36166y.com | 5443b.com | www.199207.com | 50067d.com | www.c5c99.com | www.674007.com | 3967f.com | www.hk8688.com | www.ztc7.com | 0485k.com | www.78221g.com | www.2109s.com | 80892q.com | www.hg0453.com | www.08588w.com | 3157777.com | www.hg8835.com | 185647.com | www.e3410.com | e62365.com | 11995156.com | www.97994d.com | 7744fff.com | www.pu7777.net | www.765703.com | 3225i.com | www.0636d.com | www.13434a.com | 1213611.com | www.798012.com | www.57578h.com | 59599s.com | www.456277.com | www.881799a.com | 35222w.com | www.ac777.com | www.330871.com | 3379l.com | www.40288e.com | lj552.com | www.bwin1188.net | www.81233q.com | hg21210.com | www.gg9702.com | www.5441z.com | 2266hhgz.com | www.5504o.com | www.177888.com | 30006u.com | www.7920i.com | 38989w.com | www.9558jsc.com | www.gocp1.com | 8381ee.com | www.b35vv.com | 66876f.com | www.79884.com | www.25688p.com | 924022.com | www.fh7.com | www.52072o.com | www.0686000.com | www.533574.com | 5360a.com | www.35252z.com | www.73736a.com | www.pj8858.com | www.80065c.com | 39199h.com | www.6776yy.com | 83138b.com | www.l27229.com | www.544aa.cc | wnsr8827.com | www.99552xx.com | bmw8099.com | www.220122a.com | www.526052.com | amjsc05.com | www.1432Z.COM | 924022.com | www.4136c.com | 76668.com | www.22244066.com | www.755910.com | jc3122.com | www.820808.com | 4590y.com | www.4996tl.com | kk1331.com | www.87849.com | www.106076.com | www.779955.com | www.gen00.com | j3144.com | www.yl13444.com | 4488c.com | www.v80288.com | 444000kkk.com | www.173434.com | xianboba.com | www.sbet818.net | www.895594.com | 881133aa.com | www.50732m.com | 71234444.com | www.8083.am | 57c53.com | www.115527q.com | 6266123.net | www.796813.com | 609906.com | www.03719a.com | 88904141.com | www.hg21.com | www.351781.com | www.vns383.com | www.83993b.com | 88851w.com | www.hg15588.com | 222x2.com | www.vns33.me | s58955.com | www.as0002.com | www.653546.com | www.jj881.com | www.500599a.com | 3644u.com | www.686pp.com | 8901o.com | www.3478z.cc | 6830x.com | www.5441f.com | 3844f.com | www.3933d.cc | 7945ee.com | www.11dwj.com | 1705v.com | www.953500.com |